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 Baltimore, Maryland



Book Introduction

     The British mounted their attack against Baltimore in 1814, after torching Washington, D.C. Their plan was to attack by land and sea, but thanks to the men and cannons of Fort McHenry and North Point, the offensive failed.

     The night of the attack, Francis Scott Key, a lawyer and private citizen, was waiting on an American sloop a few miles from shore. He was there to rescue his friend, Dr. Beanes, who was held hostage by the British. With the aid of the president, Key had secured a prisoner exchange that would take place after the battle for Fort McHenry was over.

     What Francis Scott Key wrote that night, while waiting to rescue his friend, became “The Star Spangled Banner”, and so the poem of a minor poet became the song of a new nation.

     Baltimore was the second largest harbor in North America by 1850, but its glory days were fading by the 1950's. Gone were the bustling ship-building centers that served our nation in the Civil War, World War I and World War II.

     According to the Baltimore Harbor Manual, Baltimore was perceived as “a city with a great past and no future.”  The young were leaving, and the Inner Harbor was decimated. Abandoned cars lined the streets and much of the harbor had become a place filled with toothless winos and rats.

     Rescue missions aren’t just for people, sometimes, they are for cities as well, and it was clearly time for another mission. But this time Baltimore needed to save itself…and it did.

     In 1954, Baltimore implemented the first urban plan in the United States that called for redevelopment of a downtown core -- Baltimore’s Charles Center. This was the first major effort to tackle the U.S.’s exodus to the suburbs. The future of Baltimore now rested on how well the people responded to the challenge of something called urban revival. Once a city that chased after factories and smokestacks, it was now becoming a city that chased after people. By the 1970’s, the entire city was changing, and along with it—the Inner Harbor, the heart of Baltimore.

     Today Baltimore is the flagship of the country. Its urban renewal programs are studied and copied nationwide, while the city’s downtown is currently undergoing Baltimore’s Second Renaissance. Rumors are even starting that Baltimore will be the next hot spot for emerging high-tech and Internet companies. Because of the city’s reincarnation, Baltimore has been called, “Charm City” or “America in Miniature,” but the folks of Baltimore just say, “Welcome to Bawlamer, hon.”



Situated right on Baltimore’s world-renown Inner Harbor, Cavalier Telephone Pavilion at Pier Six is regarded by many as one of the most beautiful outdoor concert venues. The pavilion features famous-name entertainment during the spring and summer months.


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